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Albert Einstein (/anstan/; German: [albt antan]; March 14, 1879 April 18, 1955) was a German-born theoretical physicist. He developed the general theory of relativity, one of the two pillars of modern physics (alongside quantum mechanics). Einstein's work is also known for its influence on the philosophy of science. Einstein is best known in popular culture for his massenergy equivalence formula E = mc2 (which has been dubbed "the world's most famous equation"). He received the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics for his "services to theoretical physics", in particular his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect, a pivotal step in the evolution of quantum theory.Near the beginning of his career, Einstein thought that Newtonian mechanics was no longer enough to reconcile the laws of classical mechanics with the laws of the electromagnetic field. This led to the development of his special theory of relativity. He realized, however, that the principle of relativity could also be extended to gravitational fields, and with his subsequent theory of gravitation in 1916, he published a paper on general relativity. He continued to deal with problems of statistical mechanics and quantum theory, which led to his explanations of particle theory and the motion of molecules. He also investigated the thermal properties of light which laid the foundation of the photon theory of light. In 1917, Einstein applied the general theory of relativity to model the large-scale structure of the universe.He was visiting the United States when Adolf Hitler came to power in 1933 and, being Jewish, did not go back to Germany, where he had been a professor at the Berlin Academy of Sciences. He settled in the U.S., becoming an American citizen in 1940. On the eve of World War II, he endorsed a letter to President Franklin D. Roosevelt alerting him to the potential development of "extremely powerful bombs of a new type" and recommending that the U.S. begin similar research. This eventually led to what would become the Manhattan Project. Einstein supported defending the Allied forces, but largely denounced the idea of using the newly discovered nuclear fission as a weapon. Later, with the British philosopher Bertrand Russell, Einstein signed the RussellEinstein Manifesto, which highlighted the danger of nuclear weapons. Einstein was affiliated with the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, New Jersey, until his death in 1955. Einstein published more than 300 scientific papers along with over 150 non-scientific works. On December 5, 2014, universities and archives announced the release of Einstein's papers, comprising more than 30,000 unique documents. Einstein's intellectual achievements and originality have made the word "Einstein" synonymous with "genius".

ACADEMIC ADVISOR ADVISEES ADVISORS ALIAS

Einstein

APPEARS IN RANKED LIST

Time 100: The Most Important People of the Century

APPEARS IN RANKED LISTS ARTWORK ON THE SUBJECT

Albert Einstein Memorial

AWARDS WON BOOK EDITIONS PUBLISHED

The World As I See It

BORN CAUSE OF DEATH

Abdominal aortic aneurysm

CHILDREN CITIZEN OF

Kingdom of Wrttemberg

CITIZENSHIP COUNTRY OF NATIONALITY DATE OF BIRTH

1879-03-14

DATE OF DEATH

1955-04-18

DEPARTMENT DEPARTMENTS OLD DIED DOCTORAL ADVISOR

Alfred Kleiner

EDUCATION EMPLOYMENT HISTORY ETHNICITY FAMILY

Einstein family

FIELDS

Physics, philosophy

FILM APPEARANCES FILM APPEARED IN FOLLOWS DIET GENDER

Male

GOVERNANCE OF GRADUATED FROM

ETH Zurich

HALL OF FAME INDUCTION HALL OF FAME INDUCTIONS HEIGHT

1.75

INFLUENCED INFLUENCED BY INSTITUTIONS INVENTION

Einstein refrigerator

IS-A KNOWN FOR MEMBER OF NAME

Albert Einstein

NAMESAKES NATIONALITY NOTABLE AS

Academic

NOTABLE AWARDS NOTABLE FOR

Physicist

OFFICIAL WEBSITE

http://einstein.biz/

ORGANIZATION BOARD MEMBERSHIPS ORGANIZATION FOUNDED ORGANIZATIONS FOUNDED OTHER ACADEMIC ADVISORS

Heinrich Friedrich Weber

PARENTS PEERS PLACE OF BIRTH

Ulm

PLACE OF DEATH

Princeton

PLACES LIVED PROFESSION QUOTATIONS RELIGION REPRESENTATIONS IN FICTION

Albert Einstein

RESIDENCE

Germany, Italy, Switzerland, Austria (today: Czech Republic), Belgium, United States

SERIES WRITTEN OR CONTRIBUTED TO

The Collected Papers of Albert Einstein

SIBLING

Maja Einstein

SPOUSE SPOUSE (OR DOMESTIC PARTNER) THESIS

Eine neue Bestimmung der Molekldimensionen (A New Determination of Molecular Dimensions) (1905)

WEIGHT

90.0

WORKS WORKS WRITTEN

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