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homebrew/ at master Homebrew/homebrew GitHub

El Capitan & Homebrew

Part of the OS X 10.11/El Capitan changes is something called System Integrity Protection or "SIP".

SIP prevents you from writing to many system directories such as /usr, /System & /bin, regardless of whether or not you are root. The Apple keynote is here if you'd like to learn more. As noted in the keynote, Apple is leaving /usr/local open for developers to use, so Homebrew can still be used as expected.

One of the implications of SIP was that you could not simply create /usr/local if you had removed it. This issue was fixed with the update.

If you haven't installed Homebrew in /usr/local or another system-protected directory, this document does not apply to you.

This is how to fix Homebrew on El Capitan if you see permission issues:

If /usr/local exists already:

sudo chown -R $(whoami):admin /usr/local

If /usr/local does not exist:

First, try to create /usr/local the normal way:

  sudo mkdir /usr/local && sudo chflags norestricted /usr/local && sudo chown -R $(whoami):admin /usr/local

If you see permission issues instead try:

  sudo mkdir /usr/local && sudo chflags norestricted /usr/local && sudo chown -R $(whoami):admin /usr/local

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