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(A Bit of) Biological Neural Networks - Part I, Spiking Neurons

Neurons are cells — small bodies of mostly water, ions, amino acids and proteins with remarkable electrochemical properties. They are the primary functional units of the brain. Our mental experiences — our perceptions, memories, and thoughts — are the result of the ebb and flow of salts across neural bi-lipid membranes and the synaptic transmissions between neurons. Understanding neurons and neural computation can help illuminate how our rich mental experiences are constructed and represented, the underlying principles of our behavior and decision making, as well as provide biological inspiration for new ways to process information and for artificial intelligence.